Tag: ArcMap

Map document fails to open or save at ArcGIS 10 Service Pack 2

Some map documents (MXDs) that worked properly in ArcGIS 10 Service Pack 1
(SP1) or prior cannot be opened or saved after installing Service Pack 2 (SP2).

ArcMap may also crash at Service Pack 2 when switching from the Data
View to the Layout View or when working with map surrounds such as Legend, North
Arrow, Scale Bar, and Scale Text.
The issue occurs if the map document was created using the ‘Save a Copy’
functionality to save the map document to version 8.3, 9.0 or 9.1 and the map
document contains map surround elements.
Solution or Workaround

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Changing the user interface

The ArcGIS Desktop applications have a default graphic user interface (GUI). You can alter the way the desktop application’s GUI appears, and you can expose functionality that has been developed to extend the functionality of the desktop applications.

When you first open a Desktop application, like ArcMap, there is a set of menus, toolbars, and dockable windows that is visible. You may want the ArcMap interface to reflect your own preferences and the way you work. All the Desktop applications share the same robust configuration model that includes the following capabilities:

  • Position toolbars and windows in a specific area of the application
  • Showing and hiding certain dockable windows
  • Grouping commands in a way that works best for you
  • Removing unused commands from toolbars
  • Adding or altering a command’s shortcut key
  • Changing a command’s icon or description to make it more familiar

These tasks are completed via simple drag-and-drop operations inside the applications. None of these tasks requires any special permission, and all are easy to accomplish, requiring no coding. In addition, these configuration changes are automatically saved; the next time you open ArcMap, for example, the layout of the GUI will remain how you previously configured it.

The principal way to tailor an application to suit your needs is to use the Customize dialog box. From the Customize root menu, click the Customize Mode to open the Customize dialog box.

Opening the Customize dialog box puts you in customize mode, which offers the following capabilities:

  • Hide and show toolbars.
  • Create a custom toolbar or menu.
  • Change toolbar and menu constituents.
  • Change a command’s appearance.
  • Create and modify shortcut keys.
  • Set advanced options.

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Making the scale bar the right length in ArcMap

By Aileen Buckley, Mapping Center Lead

Scale Bars - thumbnail

I’ve addressed issues of scale bars in a couple of our earlier blog entries (Choosing the best way to indicate map scale and Back to the Issue of Scale Bars). In this one I tell you how you can make sure that the scale bar you insert is the right length on your map. But before I do, I want to first point out that for the most part the only maps that should include scale bars are those for a smaller extent and therefore generally at a large scale. If you map a larger extent then the scale distortion over that extent will mean that the scale bar is not valid for the entire area mapped. A complicating factor is the differing scale in different directions on small scale maps – another reason not to put scale bars on small scale maps. We generally define “large scale” as 1:250,000 or larger for just these reasons – on maps at these scales, you can make accurate distance and area measurements.

Continue reading

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Moving to Add-ins (Recycling VBA)

In the Spring edition of ArcUser there is a nice article by Craig Gallant (LJB Inc) on converting existing projects to ArcGIS Add-ins.

Here how’s the article starts…

You might ask this after installing ArcGIS 10. With the release of ArcMap 10, Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is on the way out. As the online help article “Migrating VBA customizations to ArcGIS 10″ explains, “VBA no longer provides the best toolset for customizing ArcGIS and is not included in the default installation.”

At ArcGIS 10, there are two new ways to customize in ArcGIS 10: Python and the new ArcGIS Desktop Add-in. [Add-ins are a new way to customize and extend ArcGIS 10. They are authored in .NET or Java and Extensible Markup Language (XML). They provide a declaratively based framework for creating a collection of customizations that can be conveniently packaged in a single compressed file that is easily shared. Add-ins do not require installation programs or Component Object Model (COM) registration.] Both options have advantages and disadvantages. You need to pick the option that best suits your application. This article shows how, with a little refactoring, existing VBA code can quickly be converted to an ArcGIS Desktop Add-in.

for more see ArcUser Online


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Taking full advantage of dynamic text

At 10 we released dynamic text for the layout. This is layout text that updates automatically based on a property from the map, a data frame, or the computer system.  Additionally, if you are using data driven pages, dynamic text can be used for page names, page numbers, or attributes from the index layer.  Dynamic text uses tags in a standard text element string to specify the properties to return. You can use dynamic text to display things like the current date and time, the current user logged in to the computer, or the map author. The most common dynamic text tags can be added using the Insert > Dynamic Text menu.  However, this is only a small number of the types and formats that can be used.

A dynamic text tag always includes a type, for example <dyn type =”document”/> is how you access properties of the map document and <dyn type =”page”/> is used to access properties of data driven pages.  There are seven types available. In addition to document and page are computer, user, date, time, and data frame. For each type there are additional properties or formatting options. You can specify these using the key words property and format.  For example,  <dyn type=”document” property=”credits”/> will return the credits stored in the map document properties, and <dyn type=”date” format=”dddd MMM yyyy”/> will return Thursday Sep 2010.

When working with data driven pages you can return the value of any attribute in your page index layer. Simply specify the dynamic type as page and the property as the attribute. For example, <dyn type =”page” property=”POP_2000”/> will return the population value of the POP_2000 attribute for the current page. 

There are other things you can do with dynamic text. For example, you can add the corner coordinates of your data frame to your layout.  Using the data frame type and the properties for upper left, upper right, lower left and lower right you can access the coordinates of each corner.  For example, <dyn type=”dataFrame” name=”DataFrameName” property=”upperLeft.x” units=”dms” decimalPlaces=”2″/> will return the x coordinate in degrees minutes seconds for the upper left corner of your data frame and <dyn type=”dataFrame” name=”DataFrameName” property=”upperLeft.y” units=”dms” decimalPlaces=”2″/> will return the y coordinate. If you pan and zoom, the coordinate will update dynamically with the changes to position.


There are a few special tags for handling null values or empty strings, and for specifying strings that appear either before or after the dynamic text.  These key words are emptyStr, postStr, and preStr. The preStr option allows you to add text before a dynamic text string and the postStr option allows you to add text after a dynamic text string. The emptyStr option lets you specify a string to substitute when the dynamic text returns a null value. For example, when the map author property is not populated, you could use the following: <dyn type=”document” property=”author” emptyStr=”Map author unknown.”/> to return a more descriptive explanation rather than just leaving a blank.  Or in some cases you may want the entire string to disappear. For example, if you are using dynamic text to label adjoining pages in your map book, when you don’t have an adjoining page you may want the entire “See page: “ text to disappear.  <dyn type=”page” property=”PageNumber_N” preStr=”See Page: ” emptyStr = ” “/> will hide the entire “See Page: “ string when the PageNumber_N attribute is empty.


There are many types and formats for dynamic text that are available in addition to those under the Insert > Dynamic Text menu.  These are all accessible through tags that can be added to any layout text element.  For a more complete list, and to start taking full advantage of all the dynamic text options, take a look through the tables and examples in the help doc Working with dynamic text located here.

Content from David Watkins

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Constructing features with precise measurements

In many scenarios, particularly in the built environment, you need to construct new features based on a series of measurements and offsets from existing features in your data.  Although ArcGIS supports a variety of ways to create features using a combination of snapping and constraints, more permanent construction geometries are appropriate in some scenarios.

Rather than resorting to storing construction lines in a feature class, an alternative method to support construction lines is with the temporary guide functionality available by installing the Construction Guides add-in written by Esri’s Editing development team. You can use the guides to build a series of geometries to assist you with completing complex constructions for use while creating new features and modifying the shape of existing features. The guides can be created with common editing constraint capabilities, such as making geometry parallel to an existing feature, at distance from a known location, or at a specific x,y coordinate. You can use snapping both when placing the guides and creating features in relation to them, allowing you to precisely locate a position based on the construction guide geometry.

To use the Construction Guides add-in, download it from the Editing Labs group on ArcGIS.com and double-click the file to install it on your machine. When you start ArcMap you have access to the Guides toolbar, which hosts all the tools to create and manage the temporary geometries that can be used in constructions. Creating construction guides is a straightforward process. You just click the type of guide on the Guides toolbar and define its geometry on the map.  You can do this interactively, or if you have specific values to enter, the tools support the ability to specify them using keyboard shortcuts.

To illustrate how the guides can be utilized during feature creation, I am going to digitize a new residential building with them. Once I position the guides, I use the regular feature construction tools to create the building feature. I have been given several measurements that I can use to place the guides, and ultimately, the new building. The northwest corner of the building is 12.5 feet from the corner of the lot. To locate this position, I first use a circle guide and snap to the corner of the lot to place the center point of the circle.  I then drag a circle, but rather than clicking to define the circle’s diameter interactively, I can press the R key and enter 12.5 to define the radius. I also know that the edge of the building is offset eight feet from the western lot boundary.  I can use the Line Guide tool to create a guide from that lot boundary and specify a distance of eight feet by pressing the D key. Similar to entering values in built-in editing dialog boxes, guide measurements are entered in map units.

With these two guides in place, I can now begin to create the building feature. Since the rresidential building is rectangular in shape, I can use the Rectangle construction tool to create it. To place the first corner of the building, I need to turn on Intersection Snapping from the Snapping toolbar and snap to the intersection of the circle and line guides.

Once I have created the corner of the building at that intersection, I set the orientation of the building in the lot by snapping along the line guide I created from the lot boundary. I can then right-click to access a menu that allows me to enter the length and width dimensions of my building.

The building feature is completed once I finish entering the measurements. The guides remain after the feature is created, so I could continue to use them for other editing tasks. In this case, I don’t need them any longer, so I can click Clear Guides to remove all the guides.

This is just one illustration of using guides to locate features precisely.  In future blog posts, I’ll explain how this sample was developed and how you can extend your own code to utilize some of the same capabilities shown here.

Introducing Editing Labs on ArcGIS.com
The Construction Guides add-in is one example of how Esri’s Editing development team is building tools, prototypes, and practical examples and sharing them with you. We are adding these to an ArcGIS.com group called Editing Labs, which provides an opportunity, along with the ArcGIS Ideas site, for you to share feedback on some work that the Editing team is investigating. Tell us what you think about Construction Guides and our other samples by adding comments on the individual items in the Editing Labs group.  We’ll be adding new content regularly to Editing Labs, so check back often.

Content provided by Doug (ArcGIS Editing Team)

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New Geocoding Services

As of last week, ArcMap and ArcReader version 10 users will see new version 10 ArcGIS Online geocoding services are now available in the Find dialog and Geocoding toolbar. These provide single-line input capabilities and so are much more flexible and make it easier to find addresses. When you use the version 10 locators, you can enter addresses without commas, without having to include the state and zip code, etc.




For more information on the new ArcGIS Online geocode services checkout this post on the Geocoding Blog.

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Getting the most out of editing in ArcGIS 10: Selecting the right features

Selecting the right features is a key part of editing since most tools operate on selections. For example, selections are used when updating attribute values, editing the shapes of features, and even creating new features. With ArcGIS 10, it is easier to set up the selection environment and refine the selected features by using the new List By Selection button on the table of contents. List By Selection dynamically groups the layers in the map by whether or not they are selectable and currently have selected features. The window’s contents sort automatically as I interact with the map, select features, and turn layers on and off.

Right now, I am working with a map containing parcels and other land base data. Two parcels that are zoned for office space were recently sold, and the new owner names need to be added to the attributes.  The simplest way to make these updates is to select the features and edit their values in the Attributes window. This post describes how I can use the table of contents to help me select only the features I want to edit.

Managing the selection environment
Setting which layers are selectable is the first step toward selecting the right features. When a layer is selectable, features in it can be selected using interactive tools, including the Edit tool on the Editor toolbar. In my map, I have layers of road centerlines, parcels, neighborhood blocks, and aerial imagery. For some layers, I do not ever want to make a selection from them. For example, the Blocks layer draws on top of the Parcels layer, but with partial transparency, so the parcels can be seen beneath the blocks. Where the blocks overlap the parcels, the block features also get selected whenever I try to select an underlying parcel. The simplest solution for this is making the Blocks layer not selectable, which keeps it visible but allows me to select the parcels underneath it. I can make Blocks not selectable by clicking the icon to the right of the layer name. If the icon is colored , the layer is selectable; if it is gray , the layer is not selectable. When I click the icon, the Blocks layer moves automatically into the Not Selectable category.

Refining the selection
The quickest way to select features while editing is to drag a box on the map using the Edit tool. While this might initially result in selecting extra features, I can easily remove features I do not need using the table of contents. Any layer that contains selected features is automatically promoted into the Selected category at the top of the table of contents. This way, I do not have to sift through a long layer list looking for layers that have selected features.

When I dragged a box, no blocks were selected this time since that layer is not selectable, but I did inadvertently select an adjacent road centerline feature. Since I only want to work with parcels, I can remove the selection from all other layers by holding down the ALT key and clicking the Parcels layer’s white selection icon  in the column between the set selectable icon and number of selected features. Now, only features from the Parcels layer remain selected. Without the ALT keyboard shortcut, clicking the white selection icon actually clears the selected features in only the Parcels layer.

Each selected parcel feature is listed individually under the layer name by an ID, which is obtained from the layer’s display expression. For the Parcels layer, I set up a display expression on the Display tab of the Layer Properties dialog box to append the text “Property ID:” to the value from the property ID attribute field and the value from a zoning field. When I click the ID in the list, it flashes the feature so I can locate it on the map.

I want to update just the two office parcels, but I still have that extra utility parcel selected. If I use the map to attempt to deselect the utility parcel, I might accidentally clear the selection on the office parcels or find that I have added other features to the selection. Instead, I can deselect features quicker and with better accuracy using the table of contents. By clicking the blue square icon  to the left of Property ID: 3390 (Utility), I can deselect this feature individually.

Now that I have confirmed that I have the correct office parcels selected, I can open the Attributes window and complete the attribute edits.
For more information, see Using the table of contents, Selecting features interactively, and Selecting features while editing.

Content provided by Rhonda (Editing Team)

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