Introducing Esri’s Next Generation Hillshade

Swiss AlpsRecently, we released an update to the Esri global collection of multi-scale, multi-resolution and multi-source World Elevation services. These global elevation services enable you to create stunning visualizations, calculate aspect or slope, and provide a baseline for analysis and other geoprocessing tasks.

To complement the World Elevation collection, we are excited to announce the release of the Esri next generation hillshade – a hillshade inspired by the legendary Swiss artist, Eduard Imhof. Unlike a default hillshade (azimuth: 315, altitude: 45), the multi-directional hillshade presents an unparalleled view of the world’s mountains, plateaus, valleys and canyons by using an algorithm that computes hillshade from six different directions (as opposed to one direction in a default hillshade). The result is a stunning visualization in both high slope and expressionless areas.

The Multi-Directional Hillshade is available on ArcGIS Online and can be easily added to your desktop or web apps. It is currently implemented as a custom raster function on the World Elevation Service, and requires an ArcGIS Organizational subscription account to access. This live service will render results dynamically on-the-fly for every pan/zoom request. The Multi-Directional hillshade is a dynamic service which allows us to quickly update the service as further high resolution datasets become available. This is also available as a cached tile layer to use as a basemap.


Traditional hillshades are created by illuminating light from the northwest direction and often produces results which are over exposed, while the details in the terrain are obscured on the non-illuminated sides. This issue persists even more in areas with medium to high slopes (see Figure 1 and 2). However by varying the direction of light from 6 different sources we are able to more realistically represent the terrain, and improve the balance between the over exposed and non-illuminated areas of the map as shown in figures 1 and 2.

Figure1: single direction vs multi-directional hillshade comparison

Figure 1: A comparison between a standard single direction hillshade (left) and the new multi-directional hillshade (right). Notice how the multi-directional hillshade (right) enhances the expressionless regions and accentuates minor details in terrain as compared to a traditional single directional hillshade (left).

Figure2 Mt Rainier

Figure 2: The iconic Mt. Rainier in Washington (USA). You can almost feel the glacial remains on the surface of the mountain using the multi-directional hillshade approach (right). Whereas the default hillshade (left) lacks the clarity and realism of the multi-directional approach. 

How the Multi-Directional Hillshade will make your maps pop!

Let’s take a look at some examples of how you can integrate the new hillshade into your maps.

Visualizing landcover in The Alps

Figure 3: Visualizing landcover in The Alps (Europe). 

Mapping avalanche paths in southern Utah (USA). Figure 4: Mapping avalanche paths in southern Utah (USA). 

Identifying the location of the USGS earthquake faults over Utah (USA).Figure 5: Identifying the location of the USGS earthquake faults over Utah (USA).

Mapping point data in urban environments where Lidar derived elevation is available. Chino Hills, California (USA)

Figure 6: Mapping point data in urban environments where Lidar derived elevation is available. Chino Hills, California (USA).

The new multi-directional hillshade provides a perfect backdrop for topographical, soil, water resources, or other outdoor recreational maps.

This service includes global elevation data from multiple sources and resolutions ranging from 230 m globally to 3 m partially covering the USA from USGS NED, FEMA and community contributed content in Denmark, Finland and the UK. Future additions of data via the ArcGIS user community will continue to improve the resolution, coverage, and quality of data available. For more details and list of current data sources, please refer to the item description in the Terrain layer.

The multi-directional hillshade provides a stunning representation of the world’s topography, and provides the perfect relief backdrop to support your work. So, the next time you are terrain mapping, try out the new multi-directional hillshade.  We guarantee you’ll love it! Let us know what you think by placing a comment below, or contact me directly: Rajinder Nagi


Note 1 (Jul, 2015) : This is also available as a cached tile layer to use as a basemap.

Note 2 (Feb, 2018): Multi-directional hillshade function is now available out-of-the-box in ArcGIS Pro (1.4 or later) and ArcMap 10.6. It can be invoked by choosing the Multidirectional option from drop down menu of Hillshade Type parameter.

by Rajinder Nagi, Esri Product Engineer

This entry was posted in ArcGIS Online, Cartographic Design, Community Maps, Hydro, Imagery, Local Government, Mapping, Migrate, National Government, Services, State Government, Water Utilities, Web and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply


  1. herri147 says:

    Is the custom raster function available to use on our own elevation datasets?

  2. crazymatt says:

    Will this raster function work for version 10.1?

  3. justin.preikschas says:

    Looks great and works perfectly in 10.2.2 Desktop, thanks for sharing! Does everyone in our office need to have this installed for them to be able to view the mosaic dataset?

    • rajnagi says:

      Glad you liked it! Yes, you need to install on each machine to view, however as an alternative, you can serve it as an Image service with server function and then everyone can consume the service without needing it to install.

  4. warrenmedernach says:

    Why is it telling me:
    “You do not have permissions to access this resource.”

    Warren M

    • warrenmedernach says:

      Sorry, I meant to say, why is it telling me:
      “You do not have permissions to access this resource.”
      When I try to download the custom function…


      • rajnagi says:

        Sorry for the inconvenience. We have to take it offline due to some installation issues. Once it fixed we will provide the link as a footnote to this blog. Stay tuned!

  5. drewskey says:

    Looks great!

  6. cjniara says:

    Great work!

  7. says:

    The maps look amazing! Do you perhaps know in what timescale the download will be available again?

    • rajnagi says:

      Pleased to know that you liked it. I would say about a week or so. I would recommend using the service as it has lots of detailed resolution data in US and other parts of the world and we would keep improving it.

  8. jlanningrush says:

    Awesome stuff!

  9. codybenkelman says:

    The installation problems have been resolved, as best we can tell – 100% success rate so far! Please follow the link at the bottom of the blog to download the installation *.zip file. Upon downloading the *.zip archive, please unzip ONLY the documentation, then carefully follow the installation instructions before expanding the internal archive which contains the DLLs. If you have installation problems, provide feedback to the email listed on the download page.

  10. danlabarre says:

    Can this be installed on a server running Linux? If so would there be any documentation available?